Employment Laws

Employment Laws

Whether you are just starting a job, or you are an experienced worker, it is important to know the laws that protect you as an employee. It can potentially protect you or a loved one from wrongful treatment in the workplace.

Here is a look at 10 laws you should be aware of.

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

FLSA law sets limits on the number of hours in a workweek and overtime requirements, protects child labor regulations, and establishesthe national minimum wage.

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

FMLA allows you 12 weeks of unpaid leave with continuous job protection and healthcare coverage for certain medical reasons. These reasons include –

  • personal medical condition
  • an immediate family member affected by a serious health condition
  • bonding with a new child
  • pregnancy

FMLA does not cover all types of employees, so check your eligibility at the time of taking a job.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA)

HIPPA protects you and your dependents from any discrimination based on your medical history and the release of any personal medical records.

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

OSHA ensures safety standards for workers. Employers have to meet safety guidelines and provide training on best practices to ensure employee safety.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

ADA prevents discrimination against people with disabilities. It focuses on equal opportunity, including being provided with “reasonable accommodations” to do the job.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)

ADEA prohibits age discrimination at the workplace, including matters of hiring, firing, and promoting.

Equal Pay Act (EPA)

EPA entitles men and women to equal pay for equal work.

Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA)

PDA prevents employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of pregnancy or related conditions.

National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

NLRA protects employees’ right to talk about their working conditions without fear of retaliation.

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